Our fourth biking day was the shortest distance (about 13 miles, 21 km) and the best ride so far; good weather, too. Most of the day was spent in Latvia’s Gauja National Park, the country’s largest, which takes its name from the Gauja River that flows through it.
After cycling through the town of Sigulda, we stopped at yet another manor house and its nearby castle. Like the last one we saw, this manor house was built in the 1870s.
Gutman’s Cave is supposedly Latvia’s oldest “tourist attraction.” Although it is said to be the Baltic countries’ widest and highest cave at 36 feet high and 30 feet wide, it’s not very deep. The cave is the result of the erosion of the sandstone bank of the Gauja River bed and is covered with graffiti going back to the 1600s.
There’s a spring in there somewhere that continues the erosion forming the cave.
Gutman’s Cave is at the bottom of the Gauja River Valley at this location, so from here we started up the longest and steepest incline of the trip – just as a cycling race was making its way down! Look out below!
We had some time at the top, awaiting the rest of our group, so we toured Turaida Castle, another bastion built by German crusaders in the early 1200s. The castle survived the centuries until it burned in the 1700s and was abandoned. The main tower was mostly still intact, however, with the exception of the upper 1/4 and the roof which, as you can see, has since been reconstructed. We climbed to the top…
…in order to take in the view of the Gauja River below. That part of the castle with the clock on it – now mostly a reconstruction – was added in the 1400s for additional defense from cannon attack from the west, following the invention of gunpowder. The castle certainly dominated the valley.